Thursday, 3 April 2014

4. bbc History timeline

The BBC history timeline.


18 October – The British Broadcasting Company is formed. 
This is the first time the organisation was named and told to the outside worlds. However know one knew what they was capable of and how successful they were going to be. 

  • 15 January – First live sports broadcast on the BBC. The rugby union international England v Wales.
  • 22 January – First live football match broadcast, featuring Arsenals home league fixture against Sheffield united from Highbury.
these where very important factors for the BBC. Sport has always been a very important part in people lives, Before this many people may have struggled to afford to go to games, however BBC broadcasting them made many veiwers at home watch the football also places like the pub if it had a TV people would go and watch.
  • 2 November – The BBC opens the world's first regular high-definition television service.
  • 29 July – The London Olympics is televised.
Broadcasting the Olympics is a very good thing  people all around the world would come to see the Olympics. however broadcasting the London Olympics made the BBC a lots of money for advertisement and also just for showing what was happening. Many people had to put quarters into their TV at home to watch programs. many people would want to watch the Olympics.
  • 5 July - BBC reads the first televised BBC News.
the first televised new is a very big step for the BBC this shows that they are growing getting information from all around the world and then showing the people that live in the United Kingdom what is going on. Reading the news can be very powerful as they are in control and tell the public what is happening but if they get the wrong perspective or  if the journalist haven't done the right research and people find out differently then the BBC could be in troublee 
    • 28 March – Television transmissions begin from the new Crystal Palace site in south London.
This shows to the public that the BBC are getting bigger they are becoming a larger organisation as they have now created a new transmission site.
    • 22 August – First broadcast of top flight football television show Match Of The Day.
this still is being shown today the highlights of every game on Saturday. this is what the public will pay to see, not only seeing just one game for 90 minutes, match of the day has given the public the best goals tackles shots saves from every game every Saturday.
    • 2 December – BBC2 becomes the first television channel in Britain to broadcast in colour.
Bringing colour into television is a very large step forward, however this may be hard to begin with as colour TV would of been bought out making it very expensive.
  • 15 November – BBC1 starts broadcasting in colour.
now more channels have be broadcast in colour more people will have coloured TV. colour is a very important part of tv as it makes it more realistic more int resting to watch making people want to watch television and BBC channels over and over again.

  • 3 September - First broadcast of the BBC 6'oclock News on BBC 1,
giving a set time for the news has started to give BBc more of a schedule helping the viewers and also bbc journalists themselves. they know they are presents the news every day at o'clock, whatever they have found out is to be broadcast-ed in colour at the specific time. and the viewers know to watch it then.

  • November 1997 – BBC News Online, a web-based news service, begins to expand and become more popular.
  • December 1997 – BBC , BBC's web presence, officially launched.
Now BBC have produced web-based new service this has help the public out with fining out the news from all around the world no matter what it is with the internet instead of having to wait for the 6'oclock news. this would have made BBC larger expanding getting more advertisements and having a higher income to carry on improving.
  • 11 February – CBBC channel and Cbeebies begin broadcasting on the major digital television platforms: Free-view (digital terrestrial), digital cable and Sky Digital (digital satellite).
BBC have now started to broadcast on other channels giving them a wider range of viewers and also could bring more advertisements for commercials. both of these channels are mainly for children, this is now targeting a new audience which will open up the market for production.
  • 21 April – Name changes for BBC News 24 and BBC World. Now BBC News and BBC World News
Showing viewers that BBC are World News and they will have the latest on what goes on around the world.
  • 27 July – The 2012 Olympic Games take place.
BBC are Battling with other competitors, however having the Olympic games have given them a change to do thing their way, get more advertisements and present the Olympics. they would have to do this is a very interesting way or other competitors could try steal the main even of of them.

11. Intergration Conglomerate

Vertical Integration:  This is the process in which several steps in the production and/or distribution of a product or service are controlled by a single company or entity, in order to increase that company’s or entity’s power in the marketplace.

For example: The brand that you see on the bottle is the producer of the drink but not necessarily the maker of the bottles that carry these drinks. This task of creating bottles is outsourced to someone who can do it better and at a cheaper cost. But once the company achieves significant scale it might plan to produce the bottles itself as it might have its own advantages.
Vertical integration for Disney can profit from every aspect of making movies by using only Disney owned companies  produce them, market them, distribute them around them around the world and produce the merchandise for them
Horizontal Integration: Horizontal integration simply means a strategy to increase your market share by taking over a similar company. To merger or buyout can be done in the same geography or probably in other countries to increase their reach.
Example: Disney core product was 2D animation but they horizontally integrated in to live active films. The developed a branch of the Disney company to reach new audiences and therefore control more of the film industry whish means it makes more profit


8. Slumgdog Millionare.

  1. Explain where the storyline for the film came from. Give examples. 
A retired army officer in the UK was convicted of fraud after cheating on the quiz show who wants to be a millionaire (WWTBAM). since the show was also massively popular in india, swarup then thought, 'who would be the least likely winner of the top prize in the india version- who might be accused of cheating
  1. List the ways in which Simon Beaufoy changed the story. Explain why this was done. 
Here are some of the ways Beaufoy changed the story:
  • the central character becomes muslim and one of two brothers from a mumbai slum. his name is changed to jamal. in the novel, the character is an orphan brought up in an english clergyman's house in deli and there is an explanation of why he can speak english and why he has a name that spans india's three major religions.
  • several of the sub-plots are removed to make the runs across the whole storyline 
  • The romance element is made more important and runs across the whole storyline.The story would be the further tweaked when danny boyle came o board as director, but in the final script boyle would claim that the narrative goal-essentially to bring the childhood sweethearts together- was not american since it downplayed winning the money. winning the girl seems to have worked with american audiences. 
  1. How did Tessa Ross and Christian Colson arrange funding? Why is this significant? 
Wile beaufoy was doing this work, Ross was securing the property in partnership with producer christian colson. a well known uk producer of smaller films, colson was in 2005 still associated with celador films,part of the group that owned the rights to WWTBAM. swarup had not used the shows title in the novel, but Ross thought that it was essential to be able to use it in the film. when colson secured these rights he was able to fund the production of teh film and then sell the distribution righs of the finished film to pathe in the UK and ireland and france, Warner Bros in north america and othr companies in territories around the world. With the revenue from this sale, Colson could cover the costs of production, but would retain control-meaning that the film would remain a UK production without Interference from the Hollywood distribution. 

  1. Explain the term ‘Bollywood’. 
Bollywood is a relatively recent term (perhaps in wide circulation only since the late 1980s). it refers to certain forms of popular cinema made in hindi-the official language of india understood by about 40 per cent of the population, mainly in the north . the capital of Bollywood is Mumbai (Bombay) where around two hundred films with big budget are made each year.

  1. What was the impact of Warner Bros closing it’s ‘specialist’ film labels on the distribution of Slumdog Millionaire? How was this resolved? 
There was every chance that slumdog millionaire would be pushed straight to DVD in North America as a result. Boyle and Colson rushed to Hollywood to try to rescue the film and succeeded in persuading Warner Bros to sell the rights to another studios specialist division, Fox searchlight. Both Boyle and Beaufroy had experienced success with Fox searchlight.

  1. Slumdog Millionaire is not a Hollywood film. Explain how it has been caught between Hollywood and Bollywood. (p. 167-170)
Hollywood films are global in the sense that they are understood and enjoyed in film markets around the world. Slumdog is not a Hollywood film, though it has been taken as one. In fact, for several reasons, Slumdog has been caught between Hollywood and Bollywood. Few audiences around the world think of it as a British film. Party because the film has been so successful that it has, accidentally, fulfilled the strong desire on behalf of both Hollywood and Bollywood producers to create a film that could succeed in both markets and then around the world.

  1. In your opinion, what made Slumdog Millionaire a successful film? Discuss pre-production, production, distribution and exhibition.
I think the main fact that Slumdog was such a successful film is due to that fact they most people don’t know whether it’s a Hollywood or Bollywood film. I think they would have had a very big impact on who watched the film and because some people thought it was Bollywood and others thought it was Hollywood; the audience would have been bigger then if it was one or the other.

13. Contacts Tables