Tuesday, 9 June 2015

Filmed Interview Draft



Film Techniques Glossary

Cut - The splicing of two shots together. This cut is made by the film editor at the editing stage of a film. Between sequences the cut marks a rapid transition between one time and space and another, but depending on the nature of the cut it will have different meanings.
Reasons why - I have used cut within my animation. i have used this with nearly every shot as i felt some shots dragged and needed to be cut.

Continuity editing - These are cuts that take us seamlessly from one sequence or scene to another. This is an unobtrusive cut that serves to move the narrative along.
Reasons why - Yes i have used this as i wanted all my animation to run smoothly and not have any pauses or split frames.

Cross cutting - Cutting between different sets of action that can be occurring simultaneously or at different times, (this term is used synonymously but somewhat incorrectly with parallel editing.) Cross-cutting is used to build suspense, or to show the relationship between the different sets of action.

Dissolve - These terms are used inter-changeably to refer to a transition between two sequences or scenes. Generally associated with earlier cinema but still used on occasion. In a dissolve a first image gradually dissolves or fades out and is replaced by another which fades in over it. This type of transition, which is known also as a soft transition (as opposed to the cut), suggests a longer passage of time than a cut.
Reasons why - i haven't used dissolve as i felt it didn't 

Establishing Shot - In filmmaking and television production sets up, or establishes the context for a scene by showing the relationship between its important figures and objects. It is generally a long- or extreme-long shot at the beginning of a scene indicating where, and sometimes when, the remainder of the scene takes place.

Eyeliner Match - An eyeline match is a film editing technique associated with the continuity editing system. It is based on the premise that the audience will want to see what the character on-screen is seeing. The eyeline match begins with a character looking at something off-screen, followed by a cut to the object or person at which he is looking. 

FadeA gradual appearance of an image, light, or sound, especially as a transition in a cinematic work, audio recording, or performance.

Final Cut - the final edited version of a film, approved by the director and producer. Compare rough cut.

Jump Cut -  jump cut is a cut in film editing in which two sequential shots of the same subject are taken from camera positions that vary only slightly. This type of edit gives the effect of jumping forwards in time.

Matched Cut - match cut, also called a graphic match is a cut in film editing between either two different objects, two different spaces, or two different compositions in which objects in the two shots graphically match, often helping to establish a strong continuity of action and linking the two shots metaphorically.

Montage - Simply, editing. More particularly: Eisenstein's idea that adjacent shots should relate to each other in such a way that A and B combine to produce another meaning, C, which is not actually recorded on the film.

Rough Cut - In filmmaking, the rough cut is the second of three stages of offline editing. The rough cut is the first stage in which the film begins to resemble its final product. Rough cuts do not flow well and still undergo many changes before the release of the film.
 I didn't use rough cut within my documentary

Shot reverse - is a film technique where one character is shown looking at another character (often off-screen), and then the other character is shown looking back at the first character. Since the characters are shown facing in opposite directions, the viewer assumes that they are looking at each other.

Shot cutting - jump cut is a cut in film editing in which two sequential shots of the same subject are taken from camera positions that vary only slightly. This type of edit gives the effect of jumping forwards in time. 

Wipe - wipe is a type of film transition where one shot replaces another by travelling from one side of the frame to another or with a special shape. If the wipe proceeds from two opposite edges of the screen toward the centre or vice versa, it is known as a barn door wipe

Interview Presentation/Pitch

Filmed Interview Evaluation

I felt that my filmed interview practice that I conducted went really well. We both answered the questions giving full explanations in detail without drifting away from the original question that was asked. 

Now i have watched the interview back over i have noticed a few things within the interview. These were such things as the questions that was asked were completely random to each other. If this interview was to take place again then we have both said that we would base the question on one topic area. 

  • we had decided to film the interview in a quite room, that we wouldn't be disturbed in. we have chosen to do it here as we wanted to make sure you can hear and understand what is being said without any background noise.
  • We both answered the questions giving full detailed explanations. 
  • When we was asking and being asked the question we was confident with speaking making it very clear in front of camera. we felt we done this well as some people can get nervous, and not say a lot or even mumble their words. 
  • when asking the question we went straight into asking the next one instead of waiting between each one after the interviewee had finished the answer to the previous question. 
  • When asking the questions if we stuck to one topic area instead of lots of random questions, this is so that the questions would flow and we would find out more about one topic area instead of lots of little details.
  • If we had a third person involved within the interview then it would have more structure as they would help guide the questions that was asked. 
  • if the equipment used was better as it looks unprofessional in parts making it look bad, we would decide on a better place with the lighting and also the positioning of the camera.  

Now i have looked back at our interview and gathered feed back, i felt it was an overall success. However like in many things if i was to do this interview again i would change a few small things. these are things such as having a topic area for the questions, and using better equipment for the production of the interview making it have a more professional look and feel.  

We felt that asking questions based on one topic area would be more exciting for viewers apart from lots of random questions, i felt this as if we had a topic area then we would get a full understanding about what that persons things of that topic there will be more of a story to it, if just asking random question then the  viewer will only get small details about loads of random things showing no story. 

Questions that can be improved even with their answers:

Kieran's question to Tom.

Q1: What is your favourite TV show 

A1: "My favourite TV show is ermmm........... Winnie the Poo"

Tom could improve this answer by answering quicker and given a better detailed answer, such as explaining why it is his favourite TV program and what makes it better than others with examples. 

Toms question to Kieran.

Q1: What is your favourite subject in school 

A1: "My favourite Subject in school is Further maths"
Kieran could of improved this by answering explaining why it is his favourite subject and what he likes about this subject, he can say other subjects that he dislikes and why further maths stands out to him. 

Monday, 8 June 2015

Pitch Feedback

After pitching our Documentary idea I showed my documentary idea to one of the other media teachers just to get their opinion on my documentary, I was told that adjusting the idea would be best or change the idea completely. I felt that because I had planned the documentary so much it would be a shame to chuck it all away and start all over again so I have stuck with the idea of "Life As A Sixth Former".

Although one teacher didn't really like the idea, the other people who I showed the documentary pitch to liked the idea and liked what I could possibly do with it. They were really interested in to what the documentary could be like and what the possible outcome could be.

I decided after though that I would change the name of the documentary from "Day In The Life Of A Sixth Former" to "Life of A Sixth Former" This was because we didn't think we could get all the footage that we thought we could do in one day. So we decided that we are going to film over a number of days so that we can get a good amount of shots so that there isn't any problems with being short on clips.

We wanted to show different areas of the school in the shots so that the interviews would show different areas. We didn't want it to be all the same areas because there are different places to go in the school.

Another point made was that because I was working on my own they suggested it was a lot of work they suggested me working in a group where the other people can help to do more work instead of struggling and not getting the best documentary.

Interview for dummies.

How to produce an interview:
To produce a decent interview you will need a combination of different skills and job roles. These key responsibilities are shared among the producers, directors, interviewers, cameramen and the music and lighting technicians. Interviews can be doing all these jobs yourself. in order to film an interview you will need to make preparations which include various different things such as: arranging a guest, choosing your location, preparing your equipment, and setting it up. A very simple tip is to always check everything before shooting and always take test shots before rushing into it an getting it wrong. 

Camera Techniques/Shots

When filming an interview i would suggest that you only use the single camera technique, this means that there will only be one camera in one place at a time. the camera doesn't move. when the camera is rolling you are either filming the interviewer or the interviewee. if shooting the interviewee you would generally shoot a mid-shot. a mid-shot is where you only film the upper half of another person. 
Another shot that may be used would be a back cut, this is a shot of the interviewer asking the question which is shown on the other side of the interviewer. this is a very popular shot when it comes to the professionals doing a interview. this shot is called "the noddy", This is a shot where they film the interviewee or the interviewer nodding at the question or answer  

Mise-en-scene within an interview often depends on who the interviewee is as to how it would work and be used. An example of this would be at an awards ceremony, where the press backdrops would have the appropriate logos for who was sponsoring the event. this would show who was sponsoring the event and the name of the event. It is important for the backdrops not to take the attention away from the person being interviewed, they have to be subtle and bland. The interviewee has to wear clothes with no colours so that the strobing effect doesn't occur on camera.


Framing is a very important element you should consider when making a documentary, as it needs to be done properly in order to make it look good. Rule of thirds is a very popular technique used. Rule of thirds is when the screen is split up into 9 boxes, this helps to identify the positioning of certain elements like the interviewee itself. when using this shot you need to line up one vertical line and the subjects eyes close the horizontal line. if you follow the rule of thirds then everything will be positioned well among the background  then no errors will occur. 

Three point lighting 

Lighting is a very important part when it comes down to the filming of the interview, lighting give it a very professional look. in the shots. many Interviews do not use the correct techniques when filming there interviews. to give it a very professional look the lighting is the one main concept. 
The most popular lighting would be the three point lighting, this is where you use 3 different kinds of light. these lights are called Key light, back light and fill light. These all have different uses, the key light is the main light that is used as it is the boldest and has the most influence. The fill light is the secondary light. this is placed opposite the key light, this helps fill in the shadows and isn't as bright so this draws the light further away from the interviewee. The back light is the third light that is used. This is placed behind the interviewee. This helps to prevent definition and highlights around the objects figure.

One to one interview 

One to one interviews will normally be set in a location that will relate to the topic the interview s on or even in a location based on the career of the interviewee. Some interviews are filmed with a green screen, or they may have a poster or advertisement as a backdrop. Depending on where the interview is taking place would depend if the interview was to have a background noise or not. some interviews have a audience, so they can make noises responding to the questions and answers. The editing of a one to one interview is often much harder to edit as its mostly done in one shot not everything is perfect and the sounds will need changing.