Tuesday, 2 June 2015

Legal and ethical guidelines

In a documentary there are various different areas to consider when it comes down to the legal and ethical guidelines.

When it comes down to the legal requirements you have to consider the copy rights of music that you have decided to use with within your documentary. If you have chosen to use a song that isn't produced by yourself then you would need to contact the music producers to get permission for using your chosen song in a public production.

Libel and Slander are both defamatory processes. This basically means, each one discredits the party of whom the statements are made about. However each one is very different and unique from each other. 

Slander occurs when one makes a false talking statement to another individual. These transmissions can also occur by certain body movements and hand gestures. Slander does not include communications that have been recorded or transfixed. There has to be public  a public statement made to another person.
  • Relating to someone that a husband is cheating on his wife
  • Saying a doctor has fake diplomas on his wall
  • An employer claiming an employee stole equipment  
  • Stating that a severed finger was found in the soup at a restaurant 
  • Accusing someone of stealing your television
Ethics in a documentary has to have a moral to the story and it has to have a meaning. Ethics in a documentary is the heart of the story. 

For example: our documentary which is based on a life of a sixth former. we are trying to reflect with this documentary what people get up to in school, how do they spread there time with exams lessons ans social life.  

Libel is when someone makes a false statement about another person. the statement that is made damages the other persons reputation. In order to constitute libel there must be a publication of the statement. The statement can be made to one person or many people. e.g. in a public speech. Cartoons, signs and artistic depictions can contribute to libel making it different to slander. 

In  2011 'David Beckham's claim for libel and slander against a celebrity magazine that alleged he slept with a prostitute.' - http://www.theguardian.com/football/2011/feb/15/david-beckham-magazine-libel-judge

Slander and libel must be expressed as a factual statement. This means that the statement that is said or shown cannot simply be a opinion about a person or entity. For example, if someone says "He's wearing red, i don't like him", then this would be a matter of opinion not a statement. Therefore this isn't and doesn't have anything to do with Slander and Libel. 

Libel is different to slander because slander refers solely to spoken words: 
Radio or television both involved spoken words, however as these words are transfixed broadcasting in television and radio are conveying libel.

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