To produce a decent interview you will need a combination of different skills and job roles. These key responsibilities are shared among the producers, directors, interviewers, cameramen and the music and lighting technicians. Interviews can be doing all these jobs yourself. in order to film an interview you will need to make preparations which include various different things such as: arranging a guest, choosing your location, preparing your equipment, and setting it up. A very simple tip is to always check everything before shooting and always take test shots before rushing into it an getting it wrong.
When filming an interview i would suggest that you only use the single camera technique, this means that there will only be one camera in one place at a time. the camera doesn't move. when the camera is rolling you are either filming the interviewer or the interviewee. if shooting the interviewee you would generally shoot a mid-shot. a mid-shot is where you only film the upper half of another person.
Another shot that may be used would be a back cut, this is a shot of the interviewer asking the question which is shown on the other side of the interviewer. this is a very popular shot when it comes to the professionals doing a interview. this shot is called "the noddy", This is a shot where they film the interviewee or the interviewer nodding at the question or answer
Mise-en-scene within an interview often depends on who the interviewee is as to how it would work and be used. An example of this would be at an awards ceremony, where the press backdrops would have the appropriate logos for who was sponsoring the event. this would show who was sponsoring the event and the name of the event. It is important for the backdrops not to take the attention away from the person being interviewed, they have to be subtle and bland. The interviewee has to wear clothes with no colours so that the strobing effect doesn't occur on camera.
Framing is a very important element you should consider when making a documentary, as it needs to be done properly in order to make it look good. Rule of thirds is a very popular technique used. Rule of thirds is when the screen is split up into 9 boxes, this helps to identify the positioning of certain elements like the interviewee itself. when using this shot you need to line up one vertical line and the subjects eyes close the horizontal line. if you follow the rule of thirds then everything will be positioned well among the background then no errors will occur.
Three point lighting
Lighting is a very important part when it comes down to the filming of the interview, lighting give it a very professional look. in the shots. many Interviews do not use the correct techniques when filming there interviews. to give it a very professional look the lighting is the one main concept.
The most popular lighting would be the three point lighting, this is where you use 3 different kinds of light. these lights are called Key light, back light and fill light. These all have different uses, the key light is the main light that is used as it is the boldest and has the most influence. The fill light is the secondary light. this is placed opposite the key light, this helps fill in the shadows and isn't as bright so this draws the light further away from the interviewee. The back light is the third light that is used. This is placed behind the interviewee. This helps to prevent definition and highlights around the objects figure.
One to one interview
One to one interviews will normally be set in a location that will relate to the topic the interview s on or even in a location based on the career of the interviewee. Some interviews are filmed with a green screen, or they may have a poster or advertisement as a backdrop. Depending on where the interview is taking place would depend if the interview was to have a background noise or not. some interviews have a audience, so they can make noises responding to the questions and answers. The editing of a one to one interview is often much harder to edit as its mostly done in one shot not everything is perfect and the sounds will need changing.